ABA's Birding News >> ID Frontiers

ID Frontiers bird news by date

Updated on July 21, 2014, 5:35 pm

Want to easily find posts that mention ABA rare birds? Choose a code below:

ABA Code 2 Birds  |  ABA Code 3 Birds  |  ABA Code 4 Birds  |  ABA Code 5 Birds


21 Jul: @ 17:31:49  Birds and UV Light [Mike O'Keeffe]
12 Jul: @ 13:21:02  Presumed Grants Storm-Petrel onshore + COTExROST hybrid? [Mark B Bartosik]
10 Jul: @ 13:42:49  NM Fall Sandpiper [karlson3]
10 Jul: @ 11:39:18 Re: Fw: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper [Lethaby, Nick]
10 Jul: @ 06:47:45 Re: Fw: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper [Suzanne Sullivan]
09 Jul: @ 23:54:52  Fw: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper [julian hough]
09 Jul: @ 05:49:18 Re: NM fall sandpiper [Kevin McLaughlin]
09 Jul: @ 01:31:37 Re: NM fall sandpiper [Noah Arthur]
08 Jul: @ 15:57:20 Re: NM fall sandpiper [karlson3]
07 Jul: @ 20:01:42 Re: NM fall sandpiper [Jeff Gilligan]
07 Jul: @ 15:26:41 Re: NM fall sandpiper [karlson3]
06 Jul: @ 01:43:21 Re: NM fall sandpiper [Jeff Gilligan]
06 Jul: @ 00:43:46  NM fall sandpiper [Noah Arthur]
03 Jul: @ 16:46:13  RFI: Dark-eyed Junco identification [Bill Pranty]
27 Jun: @ 20:37:57 Re: Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged? [Chuck Carlson]
27 Jun: @ 18:15:12 Re: Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged? [Alvaro Jaramillo]
27 Jun: @ 17:15:34 Re: Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged? [Peter Pyle]
27 Jun: @ 16:40:30 Re: Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged? [Peter Pyle]
27 Jun: @ 15:30:20  Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged? [Chuck Carlson]
19 Jun: @ 15:37:10 Re: Birds and UV Light [Kevin J. McGowan]
19 Jun: @ 14:48:22  Birds and UV Light [Mike O'Keeffe]





Subject: Birds and UV Light
Date: Mon Jul 21 2014 17:31 pm
From: okeeffeml AT eircom.net
 
Hi,



From what I can gather most UV photographers use DSLR stills cameras. While this produces higher quality than video it creates some of its own difficulties including high equipment costs, long exposure times and images focusing difficulties. Not surprisingly perhaps, UV reflectance images of birds seem to be practically non-existent on the web.



Well I hope to change that. I had a hunch that the old Digital 8 and Mini-DV camcorders which carried IR Night Vision features might offer a better solution for the birder than stills photography. So, on that basis I bought a Baader-U filter and attached it to various old cameras and camcorders I had lying around gathering dust. I trust you find the results of interest.



http://birdingimagequalitytool...



Regards



Mike O’Keeffe

Ireland









From: Mike O'Keeffe [ mailto:okeeffeml@eircom.net]
Sent: 19 June 2014 20:04
To: 'BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU'
Subject: Birds and UV Light



Hi,



I hope there are birders out there with some insight into the following questions.



Have any birders on this forum taken the plunge and modified or purchased specialist camera or video equipment to try and capture UV patterning in birds?



Does anyone know if there has been any systematic investigation of UV patterning in the total avifauna of a region?



In particular I am wondering if anyone has taken a UV camera and lamp into a large museum collection and viewed or photographed large quantities of skins in search for new and unexpected UV reflectance or absorbance plumage patterning?



Lastly, has anyone tried to capture UV and/or full spectrum images of birds in the field as opposed to in a more controlled setting like a museum skin collection or of birds in captivity, and if so what were the results like?



If anyone has any particular insights into these questions I would love to hear from you.



For more thoughts and discussion on this please see http://birdingimagequalitytool...



Regards



Mike O’Keeffe

Ireland








Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Subject: Presumed Grants Storm-Petrel onshore + COTExROST hybrid?
Date: Sat Jul 12 2014 13:21 pm
From: MBB22222 AT aol.com
 
Hi All,

I would appreciate ID confirmation (or correction) so I could enter valid
record to the eBird database. I think only couple of documented inland
records exist in Texas. Not quite ‘inland‘, just onshore but still away from
offshore deep waters.

Grant’s Storm-Petrel (Band-rumped Storm-Petrel complex) ID I based mostly
on description in Howell’s book (2012) who also states that onshore and
inland records are very rare:

Most Grant’s [Band-rumped] Storm-Petrels off the East Coast are in obvious
wing molt during spring, when Leach’s Storm-Petrels are not molting or only
starting wing molt. As well as obvious wing molt, note relatively narrow
white rump band wrapping around to lateral tail coverts, relatively short
notched tail, dull upperwing band, and overall sooty plumage tones.

So base on above description and molt timing everything seems point to
Grant’s.

I found this Storm-Petrel very weak on the beach, on June 28 in Galveston
County but still able to fly. There was some bad, stormy weather in the Gulf
at that time.

Here are a few photos

http://www.pbase.com/mbb/image...
(BTW I could not find this trait described; the base halves of tail
feathers are white, so the tail in fact is bi-colored)

http://www.pbase.com/mbb/image...
http://www.pbase.com/mbb/image...
http://www.pbase.com/mbb/image...
And in flight
http://www.pbase.com/mbb/image/156539587

This year spring and beginning of summer was incredible on the UTC with
several very interesting birds showed on the shore. Here is another one if
somebody wants to take a shot at. Common Tern with extremely long steamers.
Perhaps possible hybrid COTE X ROST. To me this tern is in interesting molt
stage case but I cannot be sure if it is pure COTE or not. Hybrids COTE X
ROST were found on several occasions. There are also suggestions of checking
Eastern Common Tern Sterna hirundo longipennis but as S. h. hirundo can
also have black bill (records exist) in breeding plumage it will be difficult
to ID; in non breeding plumage practically impossible. Perhaps someone with
experience with both (Common and Roseate) and/or longipennis can post an
opinion. Red arrows are mostly pointed to molt traits but the shape and
length of the white V on inner webs of the outer primaries are diagnostic when
separating COTE and ROST. My most important question is: can Common have
so long steamers?

http://www.pbase.com/mbb/image...

BTW I recall that there was an interesting study done showing that bill
color in breeding plumage depends on diet and stress, and can change quite
rapidly. Also I have seen adult (ASY) Least Tern, end of spring, in full
breeding plumage (all black cap) with all black bill and very dark legs; sort
of like miniature Sooty (the head pattern). But, no, I do not suggest that
something scared the hell out of this bird to change the bill color. Rather
hormonal imbalance.

Cheers,

Mark
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Subject: NM Fall Sandpiper
Date: Thu Jul 10 2014 13:42 pm
From: karlson3 AT comcast.net
 
all: I am responding mostly to Kevin's comments about how the primary projection was outside the range of Western Sandpiper, and also how the plumage condition was not a juvenile bird. Female Western Sandpipers often show primary projection past the tail, unlike smaller males who typically don't. This bird's primary projection is well within the range of normal primary projection for a large female Western, whose wings are proportionally longer than males. I have provided a link to a juvenile female Western on my website that shows a similar bill, similar long legs (also typical of large female Westerns, who show much longer legs than males), and a much more worn appearance to the retained juvenile feathers than the NM bird, but this is because my bird was photographed three weeks later on Sept. 19. http://www.kevinkarlsonphotography.com/gallery/v/Shorebirds/Sandpipers/Peep/Western+Sandpiper+juv+fem_+NJ_+Sept+.jpg.html


The very pale appearance to this bird is mainly because the lighting is strong overhead light, and the images are clearly overexposed (note the pale gray versus black primaries on this bird, which suggests a lightening of the photo that gives the bird a much paler appearance than real life. It is very easy to over lighten a shorebird photo, with even a few degrees of lightening creating very pale looking feathers.

On some juvenile Westerns, the wing coverts show virtually no internal markings, similar to the NM bird, while others will show a dark central shaft line, like my photo. Westerns are variable in this respect, but the feathers on this bird are clearly juvenile feathers that have not been replaced yet (as Julian Hough pointed out in his response). My bird shows much longer upperpart feathers and wing coverts, while the NM bird still has relatively neatly arranged wing coverts, similar to a younger bird. As Julian pointed out, Western juveniles usually start to replace upperpart feathers by early to mid-September, so this juvenile showing all juvenile feathers is also within the molt timing schedule of Westerns. My bird shows a few grayer scapulars coming in, but this is Sept. 19. The pattern of rusty scapulars and otherwise gray plumage can only be a juvenile bird, with no adult or late first cycle Western in nonbreeding plumage ever showing rusty markings to the upperparts, as Kevin M suggested. There is really nothing extraordinary about this bird other than the pale appearance, and I strongly feel it is a result of over lightening.

Kevin Karlson

Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Subject: NM fall sandpiper
Date: Thu Jul 10 2014 11:39 am
From: nlethaby AT ti.com
 
      



In-Reply-To:
Accept-Language: en-US
Content-Language: en-US
X-MS-Has-Attach:
X-MS-TNEF-Correlator:
x-originating-ip: [128.247.5.50]
Content-Type: multipart/alternative;
boundary="_000_390C090471A3A241991BBF3AD2CD64380C5EB8F5DFLE10entticom_"
MIME-Version: 1.0
X-EOPAttributedMessage: 0
X-Forefront-Antispam-Report:
CIP:198.47.26.152;CTRY:US;IPV:NLI;EFV:NLI;SFV:NSPM;SFS:(438002)(24454002)(27584003)(377454003)(189002)(199002)(74662001)(46102001)(77982001)(85852003)(81542001)(92726001)(2656002)(86362001)(2171001)(79102001)(92566001)(84326002)(15202345003)(74502001)(19300405004)(512874002)(18717965001)(31966008)(16601075003)(76176999)(76482001)(106116001)(95666004)(16297215004)(19580405001)(85306003)(55846006)(77096002)(83072002)(44976005)(107046002)(106466001)(64706001)(15975445006)(19625215002)(107886001)(19580395003)(93886003)(33656002)(80022001)(20776003)(71186001)(54356999)(110136001)(66066001)(99396002)(83322001)(50986999)(15974865002)(81342001)(6806004)(87836001)(21056001)(16236675004)(4546003);DIR:INB;SFP:;SCL:1;SRVR:BLUPR05MB434;H:comal.ext.ti.com;FPR:;MLV:sfv;PTR:comal.ext.ti.com;MX:1;A:1;LANG:en;
X-Microsoft-Antispam: BCL:0;PCL:0;RULEID:
Received-SPF: Pass (: domain of ti.com designates 198.47.26.152 as permitted
sender) receiver=; client-ip8.47.26.152; helo=cmal.ext.ti.com;
Authentication-Results: spf=pass (sender IP is 198.47.26.152)
smtp.mailfrom=nlethaby@ti.com;
X-OriginatorOrg: KSUemailProd.onmicrosoft.com
X-MS-Exchange-CrossPremises-OriginalClientIPAddress: 198.47.26.152
X-MS-Exchange-CrossPremises-AuthSource: BL2FFO11FD039.protection.gbl
X-MS-Exchange-CrossPremises-AuthAs: Anonymous
X-MS-Exchange-CrossPremises-AVStamp-Service: 1.0
X-MS-Exchange-CrossPremises-SCL: 1
X-MS-Exchange-CrossPremises-Antispam-ScanContext:
DIR:Incoming;SFV:NSPM;SKIP:0;
X-MS-Exchange-CrossPremises-Processed-By-Journaling: Journal Agent
X-OrganizationHeadersPreserved: BLUPR05MB434.namprd05.prod.outlook.com
X-Virus-Scanned: clamav-milter 0.98.4 at cts-virus2
X-Virus-Status: Clean
X-Scanned-By: MIMEDefang 2.72 on 129.130.253.251

--_000_390C090471A3A241991BBF3AD2CD64380C5EB8F5DFLE10entticom_
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
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--_000_390C090471A3A241991BBF3AD2CD64380C5EB8F5DFLE10entticom_
Content-Type: text/html; charset="utf-8"
Content-Transfer-Encoding: base64
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--_000_390C090471A3A241991BBF3AD2CD64380C5EB8F5DFLE10entticom_--

Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Subject: NM fall sandpiper
Date: Thu Jul 10 2014 6:47 am
From: swampy435 AT gmail.com
 
All,
One thing that I have learned over the years is a slight primary
extension (of one, hardly ever 2) past the tail on juv. Calidris like
SESA is more the norm than not. The wing tips of the subject bird
appear to be sharp, well pointed as opposed to more rounded of an
adult, I believe another common trait of juveniles. The difference in
juveniles from adult primaries is theorized to aid them in flight
because they are not as good of fliers and when you have a Peregrine
on your tail you better have some help or you become lunch. So I agree
with the others' comments, I don't think it is a good enough reason to
consider something else than juv. Western and I don't think all that
unusual. A search on line will also show many juv. Westerns with
primary extension. I do agree also that this appears to be a juv.
Western. Considering there are so many factors that control molt
timing, I also don't think the stage of molt and faded feathers are
that unusual. That being said, living in Massachusetts, we obviously
get Westerns, mostly juv. but I do not have as much experience with
Westerns as the other Caliidris. But the same rules apply as far as
primary extension/projection.

On Wed, Jul 9, 2014 at 10:54 PM, julian hough wrote:
> Kevin et al,
>
> Given the date, it doesn't look like a classic juvenile Western, although I
> do agree with the bird being a Western..the primary projection doesn't
> really extend past the wingtip to be much of a concern. Also, the tertials
> may not be fully grown and appear pushed up, so are exposing more of the
> primaries..maybe this suggests the wings are longer than they are in
> reality?
>
> I don't see the need to invoke a hybrid with this individual since structure
> and plumage fit Western.
>
> The plumage is rather pallid for a typical juvenile Western, at least in my
> experience of birds here in the east. It may just be a rather pale variant
> juvenile, especially since the feather centers of the lower scaps and
> greater coverts seem pale and unmarked than in a "typical" juvenile. The
> richly patterned feathers on the topshot seem fine for retained juvenile
> feathers.
>
> As for molt, and I am sure someone else with more time and a critical eye
> can add more on the state of molt of this individual. Based on my notes,
> from the first week of September, many juveniles have replaced the lower
> scapulars and crown feathers with new, greyer, formative (first-winter)
> feathers. In the NM bird, all the feathers seem to be of the same generation
> and the primaries look fresh – there seems to be a neat row of grey
> formative (first-winter) scaps coming in - and the head and crown seems to
> have molted out the juvenile feathers. So, it appears as I would expect a
> Western to look – except that it seems a bit earlier than usual in my
> experience.
>
> So, my thoughts are that this is just a rather pale Western Sandpiper that
> is in an advanced state of molt into formative (first-winter) plumage.
>
> Julian Hough
> New Haven, CT 06519
> www.naturescapeimages.wordpress.com
>
>
>
> From: Kevin McLaughlin
> To: BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU
> Sent: Wednesday, July 9, 2014 5:58 AM
>
> Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper
>
> Noah.
>
> To answer your question first…No, this is not OK for a Western Sandpiper.
> Along with the long legs and heavy Dunlin-like bill, Western is precluded in
> my view by the long primary tip extension which, as you noted, projects
> clearly past the tail tip. I also disagree with this being a juvenile of any
> species. The uniform pale gray upperparts give the look of a basic plumaged
> sandpiper (i.e. first alternate) of the genus calidris. The median and
> greater coverts are pale gray with a dark shaft streak and worn tip fringes.
> I see the covert fringes as being much too abraded for a juvenile Western in
> late August. The bits of red in the tertials, upper scapulars and mantle
> can be explained in another way. This is to say a partial acquisition of
> alternate feathering in second calendar year.
>
> You should consider your bird as being a putative hybrid. I am not clear on
> the occurrence of any apparent Baird’s Sandpiper x Dunlin in North America.
> However, Nick Anich published an excellent paper last year in Wisconsin
> detailing approximately 20 suspected White-rumped Sandpiper x Dunlin hybrids
> in Canada and the USA. Among these were three from Ontario, including the
> first, carefully documented and copiously photographed at Point Pelee in May
> 1994.
>
> Kevin McLaughlin
> Hamilton, Ontario.
>
> From: NBHC ID-FRONTIERS Frontiers of Field Identification
> [mailto:BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU] On Behalf Of Noah Arthur
> Sent: July-09-14 1:29 AM
> To: BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU
> Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper
>
> Yes, I agree the pale plumage is within range for juv Western. It's not the
> plumage that was bothering me for Western -- it's the very long primary
> projection. The wingtips project well past the tail tip, and cross over each
> other, making the rear end look very Baird's-like. Is this still okay for
> Western?
>
> Thanks
>
> Noah
>
> On Tue, Jul 8, 2014 at 1:04 PM, wrote:
> Jeff and all:
> An adult would never replace its wing coverts in perfect synchrony like this
> bird shows, which is a trait of juvenile birds who grow all their wing
> coverts concurrently. An adult bird would show a gradual replacement of wing
> coverts over a period of time, and would not show the incredibly neatly
> arranged wing panel. I also don't think that this juvenile has molted any of
> its juvenile feathers, but instead shows typical worn edges to the wing
> coverts and a typical juvenile upperpart pattern that includes prominent
> rusty scapular lines. While the feathers are paler than normal, it could be
> a factor of light reflection, camera exposure and sun bleaching. Kevin
> Karlson
>
> From: "Jeff Gilligan"
> To: "karlson, kevin"
> Cc: "Frontiers, ID"
> Sent: Monday, July 7, 2014 8:02:03 PM
> Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper
>
>
>
> On Jul 7, 2014, at 12:35 PM, karlson3 AT COMCAST.NET wrote:
>
>
> Noah and all:
> Other than the pale appearance, which may be a result of slightly
> sun-bleached juvenile feathers, this is a perfectly fine juvenile female
> Western Sandpiper. An early second cycle bird that goes into its first adult
> basic molt in July to mid-August would not show the contrasting rusty
> scapular lines that this bird shows, and would instead have uniformly pale
> upperpart feathers with no rust markings. The neatly arranged worn wing
> coverts are fine for a late August juvenile Western, which could have
> hatched as early as mid-to-late June. Kevin Karlson
>
>
>
> Kevin and all
>
> I agree that it is a female Western Sandpiper. I was back and forth a bit
> on its age. I don't recall ever seeing a juvenile that had progressed so
> far in its molt by late August though, and to me it looks to be a paler and
> cleaner plumage overall for a first winter bird with retained rufous
> scapular lines. The plumage overall (except for the scapulars) looks fine
> for a winter adult. I am speculating that it is an adult that just hasn't
> molted its scapulars, though they are very pretty bright and obvious for an
> adult that late in the summer.
>
> Jeff Gilligan
>
>
> Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...
>
> Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html
> Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html
>
>
>
>
> Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



--
Suzanne M. Sullivan
Wilmington, MA
swampy435@gmail.com

Be the Voice of the River
http://www.ipswichriver.org

Please support me in Buzz for a Cure
http://my.e2rm.com/PersonalPage.aspx?registrationID#19868&langPref=e-CA

Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



Subject: NM fall sandpiper
Date: Wed Jul 9 2014 23:54 pm
From: jrhough1 AT snet.net
 
Kevin et al,


Given the date, it doesn't look like a classic juvenile Western, although I do agree with the bird being a Western..the primary projection doesn't really extend past the wingtip to be much of a concern. Also, the tertials may not be fully grown and appear pushed up, so are exposing more of the primaries..maybe this suggests the wings are longer than they are in reality?

I don't see the need to invoke a hybrid with this individual since structure and plumage fit Western.

The plumage is rather pallid for a typical juvenile Western, at least in my experience of birds here in the east. It may just be a rather pale variant juvenile, especially since the feather centers of the lower scaps and greater coverts seem pale and unmarked than in a "typical" juvenile. The richly patterned feathers on the topshot seem fine for retained juvenile feathers.

As for molt, and I am sure someone else with more time and a critical eye can add more on the state of molt of this individual. Based on my notes, from the first week of September, many juveniles have replaced the lower scapulars and crown feathers with new, greyer, formative (first-winter) feathers. In the NM bird, all the feathers seem to be of the same generation and the primaries look fresh – there seems to be a neat row of grey formative (first-winter) scaps coming in  - and the head and crown seems to have molted out the juvenile feathers. So, it appears as I would expect a Western to look – except that it seems a bit earlier than usual in my experience. 

So, my thoughts are that this is just a rather pale Western Sandpiper that is in an advanced state of molt into formative (first-winter) plumage.

Julian Hough
New Haven, CT 06519
www.naturescapeimages.wordpress.com




________________________________
From: Kevin McLaughlin
To: BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU
Sent: Wednesday, July 9, 2014 5:58 AM
Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper



Noah.
 
To answer your question first…No, this is not OK for a Western Sandpiper. Along with the long legs and heavy Dunlin-like bill, Western is precluded in my view by the long primary tip extension which, as you noted, projects clearly past the tail tip. I also disagree with this being a juvenile of any species. The uniform pale gray upperparts give the look of a basic plumaged sandpiper (i.e. first alternate) of the genus calidris. The median and greater coverts are pale gray with a dark shaft streak and worn tip fringes. I see the covert fringes as being much too abraded for a juvenile Western in late August.  The bits of red in the tertials, upper scapulars and mantle can be explained in another way. This is to say a partial acquisition of alternate feathering in second calendar year.
 
You should consider your bird as being a putative hybrid. I am not clear on the occurrence of any apparent Baird’s Sandpiper x Dunlin in North America. However, Nick Anich published an excellent paper last year in Wisconsin detailing approximately 20 suspected White-rumped Sandpiper x Dunlin hybrids in Canada and the USA. Among these were three from Ontario, including the first, carefully documented and copiously photographed at Point Pelee in May 1994.
 
Kevin McLaughlin
Hamilton, Ontario.
 
From:NBHC ID-FRONTIERS Frontiers of Field Identification [mailto:BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU] On Behalf Of Noah Arthur
Sent: July-09-14 1:29 AM
To: BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU
Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper
 
Yes, I agree the pale plumage is within range for juv Western. It's not the plumage that was bothering me for Western -- it's the very long primary projection. The wingtips project well past the tail tip, and cross over each other, making the rear end look very Baird's-like. Is this still okay for Western?
 
Thanks
 
Noah
 
On Tue, Jul 8, 2014 at 1:04 PM, wrote:
Jeff and all:
An adult would never replace its wing coverts in perfect synchrony like this bird shows, which is a trait of juvenile birds who grow all their wing coverts concurrently. An adult bird would show a gradual replacement of wing coverts over a period of time, and would not show the incredibly neatly arranged wing panel. I also don't think that this juvenile has molted any of its juvenile feathers, but instead shows typical worn edges to the wing coverts and a typical juvenile upperpart pattern that includes prominent rusty scapular lines. While the feathers are paler than normal, it could be a factor of light reflection, camera exposure and sun bleaching. Kevin Karlson
 

________________________________

From: "Jeff Gilligan"
To: "karlson, kevin"
Cc: "Frontiers, ID"
Sent: Monday, July 7, 2014 8:02:03 PM
Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper
 
 
 
On Jul 7, 2014, at 12:35 PM, karlson3 AT COMCAST.NET wrote:
 
>Noah and all:
>Other than the pale appearance, which may be a result of slightly sun-bleached juvenile feathers, this is a perfectly fine juvenile female Western Sandpiper. An early second cycle bird that goes into its first adult basic molt in July to mid-August would not show the contrasting rusty scapular lines that this bird shows, and would instead have uniformly pale upperpart feathers with no rust markings. The neatly arranged worn wing coverts are fine for a late August juvenile Western, which could have hatched as early as mid-to-late June. Kevin Karlson

>
>________________________________
>
 
Kevin and all
 
I agree that it is a female Western Sandpiper.  I was back and forth a bit on its age.  I don't recall ever seeing a juvenile that had progressed so far in its molt by late August though, and to me  it looks to be a paler and cleaner plumage overall for a first winter bird with retained rufous scapular lines.  The plumage overall (except for the scapulars) looks fine for a winter adult.  I am speculating that it is an adult that just hasn't molted its scapulars, though they are very pretty bright and obvious for an adult that late in the summer.  
 
Jeff Gilligan
 
 
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...
 
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



Subject: NM fall sandpiper
Date: Wed Jul 9 2014 5:49 am
From: kam50 AT shaw.ca
 
Noah.



To answer your question first…No, this is not OK for a Western Sandpiper. Along with the long legs and heavy Dunlin-like bill, Western is precluded in my view by the long primary tip extension which, as you noted, projects clearly past the tail tip. I also disagree with this being a juvenile of any species. The uniform pale gray upperparts give the look of a basic plumaged sandpiper (i.e. first alternate) of the genus calidris. The median and greater coverts are pale gray with a dark shaft streak and worn tip fringes. I see the covert fringes as being much too abraded for a juvenile Western in late August. The bits of red in the tertials, upper scapulars and mantle can be explained in another way. This is to say a partial acquisition of alternate feathering in second calendar year.



You should consider your bird as being a putative hybrid. I am not clear on the occurrence of any apparent Baird’s Sandpiper x Dunlin in North America. However, Nick Anich published an excellent paper last year in Wisconsin detailing approximately 20 suspected White-rumped Sandpiper x Dunlin hybrids in Canada and the USA. Among these were three from Ontario, including the first, carefully documented and copiously photographed at Point Pelee in May 1994.



Kevin McLaughlin

Hamilton, Ontario.



From: NBHC ID-FRONTIERS Frontiers of Field Identification [mailto:BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU] On Behalf Of Noah Arthur
Sent: July-09-14 1:29 AM
To: BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU
Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper



Yes, I agree the pale plumage is within range for juv Western. It's not the plumage that was bothering me for Western -- it's the very long primary projection. The wingtips project well past the tail tip, and cross over each other, making the rear end look very Baird's-like. Is this still okay for Western?



Thanks



Noah



On Tue, Jul 8, 2014 at 1:04 PM, wrote:

Jeff and all:

An adult would never replace its wing coverts in perfect synchrony like this bird shows, which is a trait of juvenile birds who grow all their wing coverts concurrently. An adult bird would show a gradual replacement of wing coverts over a period of time, and would not show the incredibly neatly arranged wing panel. I also don't think that this juvenile has molted any of its juvenile feathers, but instead shows typical worn edges to the wing coverts and a typical juvenile upperpart pattern that includes prominent rusty scapular lines. While the feathers are paler than normal, it could be a factor of light reflection, camera exposure and sun bleaching. Kevin Karlson



_____

From: "Jeff Gilligan"
To: "karlson, kevin"
Cc: "Frontiers, ID"
Sent: Monday, July 7, 2014 8:02:03 PM
Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper







On Jul 7, 2014, at 12:35 PM, karlson3 AT COMCAST.NET wrote:



Noah and all:

Other than the pale appearance, which may be a result of slightly sun-bleached juvenile feathers, this is a perfectly fine juvenile female Western Sandpiper. An early second cycle bird that goes into its first adult basic molt in July to mid-August would not show the contrasting rusty scapular lines that this bird shows, and would instead have uniformly pale upperpart feathers with no rust markings. The neatly arranged worn wing coverts are fine for a late August juvenile Western, which could have hatched as early as mid-to-late June. Kevin Karlson




_____




Kevin and all



I agree that it is a female Western Sandpiper. I was back and forth a bit on its age. I don't recall ever seeing a juvenile that had progressed so far in its molt by late August though, and to me it looks to be a paler and cleaner plumage overall for a first winter bird with retained rufous scapular lines. The plumage overall (except for the scapulars) looks fine for a winter adult. I am speculating that it is an adult that just hasn't molted its scapulars, though they are very pretty bright and obvious for an adult that late in the summer.



Jeff Gilligan





Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html


Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



Subject: NM fall sandpiper
Date: Wed Jul 9 2014 1:31 am
From: semirelicta AT gmail.com
 
Yes, I agree the pale plumage is within range for juv Western. It's not the
plumage that was bothering me for Western -- it's the very long primary
projection. The wingtips project well past the tail tip, and cross over
each other, making the rear end look very Baird's-like. Is this still okay
for Western?

Thanks

Noah


On Tue, Jul 8, 2014 at 1:04 PM, wrote:

> Jeff and all:
> An adult would never replace its wing coverts in perfect synchrony like
> this bird shows, which is a trait of juvenile birds who grow all their wing
> coverts concurrently. An adult bird would show a gradual replacement of
> wing coverts over a period of time, and would not show the incredibly
> neatly arranged wing panel. I also don't think that this juvenile has
> molted any of its juvenile feathers, but instead shows typical worn edges
> to the wing coverts and a typical juvenile upperpart pattern that includes
> prominent rusty scapular lines. While the feathers are paler than normal,
> it could be a factor of light reflection, camera exposure and sun
> bleaching. Kevin Karlson
>
> ------------------------------
> *From: *"Jeff Gilligan"
> *To: *"karlson, kevin"
> *Cc: *"Frontiers, ID"
> *Sent: *Monday, July 7, 2014 8:02:03 PM
> *Subject: *Re: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper
>
>
>
> On Jul 7, 2014, at 12:35 PM, karlson3 AT COMCAST.NET wrote:
>
> Noah and all:
> Other than the pale appearance, which may be a result of slightly
> sun-bleached juvenile feathers, this is a perfectly fine juvenile female
> Western Sandpiper. An early second cycle bird that goes into its first
> adult basic molt in July to mid-August would not show the contrasting rusty
> scapular lines that this bird shows, and would instead have uniformly pale
> upperpart feathers with no rust markings. The neatly arranged worn wing
> coverts are fine for a late August juvenile Western, which could have
> hatched as early as mid-to-late June. Kevin Karlson
>
> ------------------------------
>
>
> Kevin and all
>
> I agree that it is a female Western Sandpiper. I was back and forth a bit
> on its age. I don't recall ever seeing a juvenile that had progressed so
> far in its molt by late August though, and to me it looks to be a paler
> and cleaner plumage overall for a first winter bird with retained rufous
> scapular lines. The plumage overall (except for the scapulars) looks fine
> for a winter adult. I am speculating that it is an adult that just hasn't
> molted its scapulars, though they are very pretty bright and obvious for an
> adult that late in the summer.
>
> Jeff Gilligan
>
>
> Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...

Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



Subject: NM fall sandpiper
Date: Tue Jul 8 2014 15:57 pm
From: karlson3 AT comcast.net
 
Jeff and all:
An adult would never replace its wing coverts in perfect synchrony like this bird shows, which is a trait of juvenile birds who grow all their wing coverts concurrently. An adult bird would show a gradual replacement of wing coverts over a period of time, and would not show the incredibly neatly arranged wing panel. I also don't think that this juvenile has molted any of its juvenile feathers, but instead shows typical worn edges to the wing coverts and a typical juvenile upperpart pattern that includes prominent rusty scapular lines. While the feathers are paler than normal, it could be a factor of light reflection, camera exposure and sun bleaching. Kevin Karlson

----- Original Message -----

From: "Jeff Gilligan"
To: "karlson, kevin"
Cc: "Frontiers, ID"
Sent: Monday, July 7, 2014 8:02:03 PM
Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper


On Jul 7, 2014, at 12:35 PM, karlson3 AT COMCAST.NET wrote:




Noah and all:
Other than the pale appearance, which may be a result of slightly sun-bleached juvenile feathers, this is a perfectly fine juvenile female Western Sandpiper. An early second cycle bird that goes into its first adult basic molt in July to mid-August would not show the contrasting rusty scapular lines that this bird shows, and would instead have uniformly pale upperpart feathers with no rust markings. The neatly arranged worn wing coverts are fine for a late August juvenile Western, which could have hatched as early as mid-to-late June. Kevin Karlson

----- Original Message -----




Kevin and all

I agree that it is a female Western Sandpiper. I was back and forth a bit on its age. I don't recall ever seeing a juvenile that had progressed so far in its molt by late August though, and to me it looks to be a paler and cleaner plumage overall for a first winter bird with retained rufous scapular lines. The plumage overall (except for the scapulars) looks fine for a winter adult. I am speculating that it is an adult that just hasn't molted its scapulars, though they are very pretty bright and obvious for an adult that late in the summer.

Jeff Gilligan



Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Subject: NM fall sandpiper
Date: Mon Jul 7 2014 20:01 pm
From: jeffgilligan10 AT gmail.com
 

On Jul 7, 2014, at 12:35 PM, karlson3 AT COMCAST.NET wrote:

> Noah and all:
> Other than the pale appearance, which may be a result of slightly sun-bleached juvenile feathers, this is a perfectly fine juvenile female Western Sandpiper. An early second cycle bird that goes into its first adult basic molt in July to mid-August would not show the contrasting rusty scapular lines that this bird shows, and would instead have uniformly pale upperpart feathers with no rust markings. The neatly arranged worn wing coverts are fine for a late August juvenile Western, which could have hatched as early as mid-to-late June. Kevin Karlson
>

Kevin and all

I agree that it is a female Western Sandpiper. I was back and forth a bit on its age. I don't recall ever seeing a juvenile that had progressed so far in its molt by late August though, and to me it looks to be a paler and cleaner plumage overall for a first winter bird with retained rufous scapular lines. The plumage overall (except for the scapulars) looks fine for a winter adult. I am speculating that it is an adult that just hasn't molted its scapulars, though they are very pretty bright and obvious for an adult that late in the summer.

Jeff Gilligan


Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Subject: NM fall sandpiper
Date: Mon Jul 7 2014 15:26 pm
From: karlson3 AT comcast.net
 
Noah and all:
Other than the pale appearance, which may be a result of slightly sun-bleached juvenile feathers, this is a perfectly fine juvenile female Western Sandpiper. An early second cycle bird that goes into its first adult basic molt in July to mid-August would not show the contrasting rusty scapular lines that this bird shows, and would instead have uniformly pale upperpart feathers with no rust markings. The neatly arranged worn wing coverts are fine for a late August juvenile Western, which could have hatched as early as mid-to-late June. Kevin Karlson

----- Original Message -----

From: "Noah Arthur"
To: "Frontiers, ID"
Sent: Sunday, July 6, 2014 12:59:59 AM
Subject: [BIRDWG01] NM fall sandpiper

Hi everyone.

First off, I'm sorry if I've already posted this on here before... Anyway, I got point-blank views of this lone Calidris sandpiper at Leasburg Dam, Dona Ana Co., NM last year in late August: https://www.flickr.com/photos/...

Most characteristics line up with Western, but the plumage is very pale, the bill suspiciously long, and -- strangest of all -- the wingtips extend noticeably past the tail tip and cross over each other, reminding me of Baird's Sandpiper. Also, it seemed odd that this bird was all by itself with no other sandpipers around for miles -- although there were whole flocks of Westerns just a few miles down river...

Thanks!

Noah Arthur, Oakland, CA
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...


Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



Subject: NM fall sandpiper
Date: Sun Jul 6 2014 1:43 am
From: jeffgilligan10 AT gmail.com
 
I think it looks like an adult female Western Sandpiper, mostly molted into winter (basic) plumage.  By late August adults are typically very pale.

Jeff Gilligan
Oregon



On Jul 5, 2014, at 9:59 PM, Noah Arthur wrote:

> Hi everyone.
>
> First off, I'm sorry if I've already posted this on here before... Anyway, I got point-blank views of this lone Calidris sandpiper at Leasburg Dam, Dona Ana Co., NM last year in late August: https://www.flickr.com/photos/...
>
> Most characteristics line up with Western, but the plumage is very pale, the bill suspiciously long, and -- strangest of all -- the wingtips extend noticeably past the tail tip and cross over each other, reminding me of Baird's Sandpiper. Also, it seemed odd that this bird was all by itself with no other sandpipers around for miles -- although there were whole flocks of Westerns just a few miles down river...
>
> Thanks!
>
> Noah Arthur, Oakland, CA
> Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...


Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



Subject: NM fall sandpiper
Date: Sun Jul 6 2014 0:43 am
From: semirelicta AT gmail.com
 
Hi everyone.

First off, I'm sorry if I've already posted this on here before... Anyway,
I got point-blank views of this lone Calidris sandpiper at Leasburg Dam,
Dona Ana Co., NM last year in late August:
https://www.flickr.com/photos/...

Most characteristics line up with Western, but the plumage is very pale,
the bill suspiciously long, and -- strangest of all -- the wingtips extend
noticeably past the tail tip and cross over each other, reminding me of
Baird's Sandpiper. Also, it seemed odd that this bird was all by itself
with no other sandpipers around for miles -- although there were whole
flocks of Westerns just a few miles down river...

Thanks!

Noah Arthur, Oakland, CA

Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Subject: RFI: Dark-eyed Junco identification
Date: Thu Jul 3 2014 16:46 pm
From: billpranty AT hotmail.com
 

Good afternoon,

On 30 June 2014, I was in a group of three birders who discovered a
Dark-eyed Junco at North Anclote Bar, a barrier island along the central
Florida Gulf coast off the Pasco County coastline. We saw the junco fly past
us and then land in a mangrove; it seems possible that we witnessed the
junco make landfall -- possibly following a flight across the Gulf of
Mexico. The junco was very heat-stressed and reluctant to fly. We were
reluctant to pursue it but we knew that we needed photos (see below).

Gail Deterra and I obtained some fairly good (Gail) to fair (me) images of
the junco. The temperature was around 92 degrees and the sunlight was
extremely bright. The images have been cropped and renamed but not otherwise edited.
Unfortunately, neither Gail nor I obtained any clear images showing the frontal or
side views of the junco.


The junco seems to be of the "Oregon" group, but I am aware that definitive
identification from "Cassiar," "Pink-sided," even some "Slate-colored"
juncos cannot always be made.

Our photos represent the first summer record of any junco in Florida, and
will also represent the first Florida record of an "Oregon" Junco if the ID
can be confirmed.

Images have been posted to

https://drive.google.com/#fold...

(My apologies in advance if some -- or all! -- of you cannot view the
images; I've never used Google Drive before).


All comments are welcome.


Thank you.


Best regards,

Bill Pranty
Bayonet Point, Florida

Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Subject: Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged?
Date: Fri Jun 27 2014 20:37 pm
From: chuckcmt AT nemont.net
 
In “Gulls of North America, Europe and Asia” by Olsen and Larsson on page 177, photo 204 shows a Western with a narrow white edge to P10. The text below says on P9, but it looks more like P10. This would seem to fit this gull. The photo was taken in San Diego.

Chuck Carlson

From: Peter Pyle
Sent: Friday, June 27, 2014 2:59 PM
To: BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU
Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged?

Hi Chuck and all -

Size/shape, bill size and color, back color, and wing pattern all seem to fit male Western Gulls that breed between central California and the Washington border, being a lighter shade than more-southern breeding birds (including "wymani"), but still considered Westerns over hybrids. However, I'm concerned about the pattern to the underside of p10. I'm not sure if there is light artifact on this feather, but it appears extensively white tipped with a thin dark band near the tip. If this is true than it does not fit either Western or Glaucous-winged Gull very well, although perhaps extremes of these species might show this pattern. It better fits Herring Gull, but I agree it seems on the dark side (back, eye, bill) for Herring.

The Slater open-wing collection is a good resource for gull wing tip patterns in western North America:
http://digitalcollections.puge...
(enter the species name in the search bar)

Peter

At 12:19 PM 6/27/2014, Chuck Carlson wrote:

Hello larophiles

This gull was seen at Ft. Peck, MT on June 13 on the Missouri River at the Ft. Peck powerplants. It was soon noticed that the bill was large ad bulbous and bright yellow/orange with a red gonydial spot. the apparent size was larger than a California. The upper parts were had about the same shade of gray as a California Gull. The iris is not black like a California, nor is it yellow as a Herring. The photos were taken at a distance of about 150 m. with 700 mm lens, and there was some air turbulence. Therefore the photos are blurry. The gull was a one day stay, and the rest of the photos I got were even worse than this and none showed any different angles.

I have had two comments that suggest that it is indeed a Western Gull. A third thought it was more likely a Western X Glaucous-winged. There are no previous records of Westerns in Montana.

Any help on this would be appreciated.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/...

Chuck Carlson
Ft. Peck, MT
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



Subject: Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged?
Date: Fri Jun 27 2014 18:15 pm
From: chucao AT coastside.net
 
Sadly I think the bird is just not identifiable with certainty without an
open wing shot. Most of the reported Western Gulls (albeit that is in the
Great Lakes) are hybrid Great Black-backed x Herring. That is another
possibility you could throw into the mix here.



Alvaro



Alvaro Jaramillo

alvaro@alvarosadventures.com

www.alvarosadventures.com



From: NBHC ID-FRONTIERS Frontiers of Field Identification
[mailto:BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU] On Behalf Of Peter Pyle
Sent: Friday, June 27, 2014 2:22 PM
To: BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU
Subject: Re: [BIRDWG01] Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged?



Come to think of it, the p10 pattern, back color, and all could fit a paler
Slaty-backed Gull. The bird in the dorsal-flight shot about half way down
this page seems similar:
http://www.birdingetc.com/2011...

But then I would expect the eye color to be paler than how it was described.

Peter

At 01:59 PM 6/27/2014, Peter Pyle wrote:



Hi Chuck and all -

Size/shape, bill size and color, back color, and wing pattern all seem to
fit male Western Gulls that breed between central California and the
Washington border, being a lighter shade than more-southern breeding birds
(including "wymani"), but still considered Westerns over hybrids. However,
I'm concerned about the pattern to the underside of p10. I'm not sure if
there is light artifact on this feather, but it appears extensively white
tipped with a thin dark band near the tip. If this is true than it does not
fit either Western or Glaucous-winged Gull very well, although perhaps
extremes of these species might show this pattern. It better fits Herring
Gull, but I agree it seems on the dark side (back, eye, bill) for Herring.

The Slater open-wing collection is a good resource for gull wing tip
patterns in western North America:
http://digitalcollections.puge...
(enter the species name in the search bar)

Peter

At 12:19 PM 6/27/2014, Chuck Carlson wrote:



Hello larophiles

This gull was seen at Ft. Peck, MT on June 13 on the Missouri River at the
Ft. Peck powerplants. It was soon noticed that the bill was large ad bulbous
and bright yellow/orange with a red gonydial spot. the apparent size was
larger than a California. The upper parts were had about the same shade of
gray as a California Gull. The iris is not black like a California, nor is
it yellow as a Herring. The photos were taken at a distance of about 150 m.
with 700 mm lens, and there was some air turbulence. Therefore the photos
are blurry. The gull was a one day stay, and the rest of the photos I got
were even worse than this and none showed any different angles.

I have had two comments that suggest that it is indeed a Western Gull. A
third thought it was more likely a Western X Glaucous-winged. There are no
previous records of Westerns in Montana.

Any help on this would be appreciated.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/...

Chuck Carlson
Ft. Peck, MT
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...

Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html

Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html


Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



Subject: Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged?
Date: Fri Jun 27 2014 17:15 pm
From: ppyle AT birdpop.org
 
Come to think of it, the p10 pattern, back color, and all could fit a
paler Slaty-backed Gull. The bird in the dorsal-flight shot about
half way down this page seems similar:
http://www.birdingetc.com/2011...

But then I would expect the eye color to be paler than how it was described.

Peter

At 01:59 PM 6/27/2014, Peter Pyle wrote:
>Hi Chuck and all -
>
>Size/shape, bill size and color, back color, and wing pattern all
>seem to fit male Western Gulls that breed between central California
>and the Washington border, being a lighter shade than more-southern
>breeding birds (including "wymani"), but still considered Westerns
>over hybrids. However, I'm concerned about the pattern to the
>underside of p10. I'm not sure if there is light artifact on this
>feather, but it appears extensively white tipped with a thin dark
>band near the tip. If this is true than it does not fit either
>Western or Glaucous-winged Gull very well, although perhaps extremes
>of these species might show this pattern. It better fits Herring
>Gull, but I agree it seems on the dark side (back, eye, bill) for Herring.
>
>The Slater open-wing collection is a good resource for gull wing tip
>patterns in western North America:
>http://digitalcollections.puge...
>(enter the species name in the search bar)
>
>Peter
>
>At 12:19 PM 6/27/2014, Chuck Carlson wrote:
>>Hello larophiles
>>
>>This gull was seen at Ft. Peck, MT on June 13 on the Missouri River
>>at the Ft. Peck powerplants. It was soon noticed that the bill was
>>large ad bulbous and bright yellow/orange with a red gonydial spot.
>>the apparent size was larger than a California. The upper parts
>>were had about the same shade of gray as a California Gull. The
>>iris is not black like a California, nor is it yellow as a Herring.
>>The photos were taken at a distance of about 150 m. with 700 mm
>>lens, and there was some air turbulence. Therefore the photos are
>>blurry. The gull was a one day stay, and the rest of the photos I
>>got were even worse than this and none showed any different angles.
>>
>>I have had two comments that suggest that it is indeed a Western
>>Gull. A third thought it was more likely a Western X
>>Glaucous-winged. There are no previous records of Westerns in Montana.
>>
>>Any help on this would be appreciated.
>>
>>https://www.flickr.com/photos/...
>>
>>Chuck Carlson
>>Ft. Peck, MT
>>Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...
>Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html

Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



Subject: Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged?
Date: Fri Jun 27 2014 16:40 pm
From: ppyle AT birdpop.org
 
Hi Chuck and all -

Size/shape, bill size and color, back color, and wing pattern all
seem to fit male Western Gulls that breed between central California
and the Washington border, being a lighter shade than more-southern
breeding birds (including "wymani"), but still considered Westerns
over hybrids. However, I'm concerned about the pattern to the
underside of p10. I'm not sure if there is light artifact on this
feather, but it appears extensively white tipped with a thin dark
band near the tip. If this is true than it does not fit either
Western or Glaucous-winged Gull very well, although perhaps extremes
of these species might show this pattern. It better fits Herring
Gull, but I agree it seems on the dark side (back, eye, bill) for Herring.

The Slater open-wing collection is a good resource for gull wing tip
patterns in western North America:
http://digitalcollections.puge...
(enter the species name in the search bar)

Peter

At 12:19 PM 6/27/2014, Chuck Carlson wrote:
>Hello larophiles
>
>This gull was seen at Ft. Peck, MT on June 13 on the Missouri River
>at the Ft. Peck powerplants. It was soon noticed that the bill was
>large ad bulbous and bright yellow/orange with a red gonydial spot.
>the apparent size was larger than a California. The upper parts were
>had about the same shade of gray as a California Gull. The iris is
>not black like a California, nor is it yellow as a Herring. The
>photos were taken at a distance of about 150 m. with 700 mm lens,
>and there was some air turbulence. Therefore the photos are blurry.
>The gull was a one day stay, and the rest of the photos I got were
>even worse than this and none showed any different angles.
>
>I have had two comments that suggest that it is indeed a Western
>Gull. A third thought it was more likely a Western X
>Glaucous-winged. There are no previous records of Westerns in Montana.
>
>Any help on this would be appreciated.
>
>https://www.flickr.com/photos/...
>
>Chuck Carlson
>Ft. Peck, MT
>Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...

Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archives/birdwg01.html



Subject: Fw: Gull - Western or Western X Glaucous-winged?
Date: Fri Jun 27 2014 15:30 pm
From: chuckcmt AT nemont.net
 
Hello larophiles

This gull was seen at Ft. Peck, MT on June 13 on the Missouri River at the Ft. Peck powerplants. It was soon noticed that the bill was large ad bulbous and bright yellow/orange with a red gonydial spot. the apparent size was larger than a California. The upper parts were had about the same shade of gray as a California Gull. The iris is not black like a California, nor is it yellow as a Herring. The photos were taken at a distance of about 150 m. with 700 mm lens, and there was some air turbulence. Therefore the photos are blurry. The gull was a one day stay, and the rest of the photos I got were even worse than this and none showed any different angles.

I have had two comments that suggest that it is indeed a Western Gull. A third thought it was more likely a Western X Glaucous-winged. There are no previous records of Westerns in Montana.

Any help on this would be appreciated.

https://www.flickr.com/photos/...

Chuck Carlson
Ft. Peck, MT
Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Subject: Birds and UV Light
Date: Thu Jun 19 2014 15:37 pm
From: kjm2 AT cornell.edu
 
There have been a number of papers on this topic.  Start with
The ubiquity of avian ultraviolet plumage reflectance
Muir D. Eaton and Scott M. Lanyon
Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B (2003) 270, 1721–1726
DOI 10.1098/rspb.2003.2431


Best,

Kevin

From: NBHC ID-FRONTIERS Frontiers of Field Identification [mailto:BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU] On Behalf Of Mike O'Keeffe
Sent: Thursday, June 19, 2014 3:04 PM
To: BIRDWG01 AT LISTSERV.KSU.EDU
Subject: [BIRDWG01] Birds and UV Light

Hi,

I hope there are birders out there with some insight into the following questions.

Have any birders on this forum taken the plunge and modified or purchased specialist camera or video equipment to try and capture UV patterning in birds?

Does anyone know if there has been any systematic investigation of UV patterning in the total avifauna of a region?

In particular I am wondering if anyone has taken a UV camera and lamp into a large museum collection and viewed or photographed large quantities of skins in search for new and unexpected UV reflectance or absorbance plumage patterning?

Lastly, has anyone tried to capture UV and/or full spectrum images of birds in the field as opposed to in a more controlled setting like a museum skin collection or of birds in captivity, and if so what were the results like?

If anyone has any particular insights into these questions I would love to hear from you.

For more thoughts and discussion on this please see http://birdingimagequalitytool...

Regards

Mike O’Keeffe
Ireland



Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...



Subject: Birds and UV Light
Date: Thu Jun 19 2014 14:48 pm
From: okeeffeml AT eircom.net
 
Hi,



I hope there are birders out there with some insight into the following questions.



Have any birders on this forum taken the plunge and modified or purchased specialist camera or video equipment to try and capture UV patterning in birds?



Does anyone know if there has been any systematic investigation of UV patterning in the total avifauna of a region?



In particular I am wondering if anyone has taken a UV camera and lamp into a large museum collection and viewed or photographed large quantities of skins in search for new and unexpected UV reflectance or absorbance plumage patterning?



Lastly, has anyone tried to capture UV and/or full spectrum images of birds in the field as opposed to in a more controlled setting like a museum skin collection or of birds in captivity, and if so what were the results like?



If anyone has any particular insights into these questions I would love to hear from you.



For more thoughts and discussion on this please see http://birdingimagequalitytool...



Regards



Mike O’Keeffe

Ireland








Archives: http://listserv.ksu.edu/archiv...


ABA RBA

ABA RBA




ABA RBA

FeedWind

Get Flight Calls, the ABA newsletter, delivered to your inbox each month...




Contact us.

  • 1618 West Colorado Avenue
  • Colorado Springs, CO 80904
  • Email: member@aba.org
  • Toll Free: (800) 850-2473
  • Phone: (719) 578-9703
  • Fax: (719) 578-1480